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  IJCSPUB Search Xplore - Search all paper by Paper Name , Author Name, and Title

Volume 3 | Issue 2 | April

Volume 3 | Issue 2 | Month April  
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  Paper Title: STUDY ON THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF AERIAL AND SUB-AERIAL PARTS OF CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS (NEES EX STEUD) WATS.

  Author Name(s): Vinutha M, K.J. Thara Saraswathi

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1499

  Register Paper ID - 211568

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1499 and DOI :

  Author Country : Indian Author, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1499
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  Title: STUDY ON THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF AERIAL AND SUB-AERIAL PARTS OF CYMBOPOGON FLEXUOSUS (NEES EX STEUD) WATS.

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: April 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 42-47

 Year: April 2013

 Downloads: 15

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud) Wats commonly known as, East Indian lemongrass a widely grown essential oil plant in the world belongs to the family Poaceae and comprise of 140 species worldwide, found abundantly in tropics and sub-tropic regions of Asia, Africa and America. In India, 45 species are recorded of which the economic importance is C.winterianus, C.flexuosus, C.martinii, C.nardus, C.citratus, C.pendulus, C.jwarancusa and C.khasianus. Aerial and subaerial parts of C. flexuosus collected from Himavath Gopala hills, Karnataka, India, were subjected to hydrodistillation for extraction of essential oil. GC and GC-MS analysis were performed to know the chemical composition of the oil. Among the 39 compounds identified in aerial parts of the plant the major compounds were citral (64.98%), 1,7-octadien-3-ol (10.97%), dimethyl oxatricyclo nonanone (9.44%), nerol (2.85%), verbenol (1.77%) and caryophyllene oxide (0.71%). In sub-aerial parts of the plant 33 compounds were identified. The analysis of sub-aerial parts showed a different chemical profile compared to aerial part and possessed citral as the major compound of upto 30.47%. Other compounds in sub-aerial part are Eudesmol (17.82%), Elemol (14.16%), dihydro isopropyl methyl azulene (11.08%), ?-cadinene (1.88%), junipene (1.36%), hydroxyalloaromadendrene, juniper camphor (1.12%) and elemene (1.04%).


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 Keywords

Cymbopogon flexuosus, essential oil, GC-MS, citral

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  Paper Title: POND MANAGEMENT AND MICROALGAE CULTIVATION

  Author Name(s): Sivakumar R, S. Rajendran

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1435

  Register Paper ID - 211489

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1435 and DOI :

  Author Country : Indian Author, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1435
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1435
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  Title: POND MANAGEMENT AND MICROALGAE CULTIVATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: April 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 48-51

 Year: April 2013

 Downloads: 20

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

Generally, the outdoor open ponds are used to produce Algae. It requires effective pond management to obtain high productivity and high quality. The ultimate commercial success in production of algae depends on managing the large volumes of cultures which are subjected to possible contaminations by planktons and bacteria. In order to have the cultures at log phase of growth, several factors to be optimized which include agitation, pond depth, dosing of nutrients and supply of carbon di oxide. Since the nutrient inputs into the culture contributes significantly to reduce the production cost. It has to be monitored to assure reproducible yields without loading of extra nutrients. However, cultures are closely monitored daily and all the inputs are checked carefully to avoid major problems.


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algae cultivation, Spirulina cultivation, pond design

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  Paper Title: GROWTH MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUE OF MICROALGAE

  Author Name(s): Sivakumar R, S. Rajendran

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1434

  Register Paper ID - 211488

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1434 and DOI :

  Author Country : Indian Author, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1434
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1434
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  Title: GROWTH MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUE OF MICROALGAE

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: May 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 52-54

 Year: May 2013

 Downloads: 20

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

There is numerous direct and indirect methods used to determine progressive growth in microalgae cultivation. Direct methods are algal biomass, packed cell volume, cell counts and detecting pigment contents. Indirect methods are primary productivity and changes in chemistry of the aqueous environment used to express algal growth quantitatively. The main objective of this study is to develop a new method for estimating growth rate and reviewing the existing procedure. The experimental results show that the proposed method is time saving and produce more accurate results than the existing dry weight methods.


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 Keywords

optical density method, Spirulina growth measurement, dry weight method, pigment estimation

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  Paper Title: CHLORINE BASED MICROBIAL INACTIVATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES

  Author Name(s): Radhika P

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1365

  Register Paper ID - 211398

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1365 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1365
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1365
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  Title: CHLORINE BASED MICROBIAL INACTIVATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: April 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 32-41

 Year: April 2013

 Downloads: 21

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

Safe drinking water is the one which is free of both chemical and microbial contaminants. But these days water borne diseases like cholera, typhoid etc. are increasing by the microbial community in drinking water which proves that the current disinfection methods are not sufficient. Some organisms are capable of producing bio films and show resistance to treating agents like chlorination. There is evidence that drinking water may be the source of infections with non-tuberculous Mycobacteria in human. Though chlorination was suggested to be the best method of disinfection, Mycobacterium is still resistant to this treatment. The effect of H2O2 and HOCl in Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Mycobacterium aurum were studied in this present work with initial concentrations of 2 to 15 mg/l of hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorous acid for test cases (0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25 and 0.30 mM). Oxidative stress induced in these microbial cultures and ROS was measured along with the cell viability. There was a direct relationship between the superoxide levels and the concentration of the treating agents. Treatment with disinfectants produced the expected decrease in cell concentrations. Higher concentration levels of disinfectants to larger cell decreases.


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 Keywords

Mycobacterium aurum, oxidative stress, superoxide

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  Paper Title: SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING EXTRACTS OF SECURINEGA LEUCOPYRUS AND EVALUATION OF ITS ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY

  Author Name(s): Manisha R Donda, Karunakar Rao Kudle, Jahnavi Alwala, Anila Miryala, B Sreedhar, MP Pratap Rudra

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1356

  Register Paper ID - 211389

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1356 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1356
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1356
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  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Title: SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING EXTRACTS OF SECURINEGA LEUCOPYRUS AND EVALUATION OF ITS ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: May 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1-8

 Year: May 2013

 Downloads: 20

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract


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 Keywords

silver nanoparticles, biosynthesis, Securinega leucopyrus, FT-IR, SEM-EDAX

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  Paper Title: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BIOREMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS USING PLANTS AND MICROORGANISMS

  Author Name(s): Agunwamba JC, Onyekweredike Kelechi O, N Mmonwuba

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1340

  Register Paper ID - 211362

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1340 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1340
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1340
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  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Title: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BIOREMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS USING PLANTS AND MICROORGANISMS

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: April 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 153-160

 Year: April 2013

 Downloads: 21

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

Four microorganisms, two fungi and two bacteria and two plants were used independently and combined to bioremediate zinc, cadmium, and lead in sewage water and sewage sludge for a period of 360 hrs and sampled per 72 hrs to determine the best option to bioremediation. The pH and temperature was monitored to determine possible changes as the organisms took up the metals. Results of the experiment show that the combination of fungi and bacteria performed best for the sewage water with efficiencies of 94%, 82%, and 98% for cadmium, lead and zinc respectively. For the sewage sludge, the combinations of fungi and plant, and bacteria with 99% each performed best in the adsorption cadmium whereas for zinc, fungi with 98% performed the least. All other samples had efficiencies of 99% each. For lead, fungi and bacteria with 96% and 97% performed the least. Differences observed between the means of the six samples in each case were subjected to a full statistical ANOVA test insignificant and found insignificant but for Zinc uptake in sewage sludge. While the pH increased as biosorption decreased for all cases, the temperature was seen to barely change. It is concluded that within the range of contamination, any of the independent organisms or a combination of any two can be effectively used in bioremediation of heavy metals. However, based on other considerations such as lower cost, ease of maintenance, secondary waste generation, little time involved, and growth rate, use of microorganisms (especially bacteria) is better but on very high heavy metal quantities, use of plants may be considered.


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 Keywords

bioremediation, microorganisms, fungi, bacteria

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  Paper Title: IDENTIFICATION AND MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANCE OF BACTERIA, ISOLATED FROM PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT (ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN)

  Author Name(s): Sahaab Farooq, Ifra Ghori, Faiqa Abdur Rub

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1337

  Register Paper ID - 211359

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1337 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1337
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1337
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  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Title: IDENTIFICATION AND MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANCE OF BACTERIA, ISOLATED FROM PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT (ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN)

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: April 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 125-132

 Year: April 2013

 Downloads: 24

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract


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 Keywords

pharmaceutical effluent, antibiotic sensitivity, Multiple-Drug resistance

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  Paper Title: DROUGHT STRESS INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL ALTERATIONS IN TWO VARIETIES OF PASPALUM SCROBICULATUM L.

  Author Name(s): Mir Aafaq Ahmad, P.V. Murali, R. Panneerselvam

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1314

  Register Paper ID - 211325

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1314 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1314
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJCSP10A1314
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  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Title: DROUGHT STRESS INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL ALTERATIONS IN TWO VARIETIES OF PASPALUM SCROBICULATUM L.

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: May 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 80-96

 Year: May 2013

 Downloads: 23

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

In the natural environment plants are well adapted to minimize damages which only occur under extreme conditions. Water stress and other abiotic stresses can dramatically limit plant growth and productivity. In the frame of physiological window, mild drought induces regulation of water loss and uptake in plants allowing maintenance of their leaf relative water content within the limits where the photosynthetic capacity shows no or little changes. But severe drought induces unfavourable changes in plants, leading to inhibition of photosynthesis and growth. The aim of the present study was to understand the effect of drought stress on photosynthesis, osmolyte adjustments and proline content of two varieties of Paspalum scrobiculatum. The experiments were carried out in a pot culture. Two varieties of Paspalum scrobiculatum L. CO-1 and CO-2, were selected for the study. Mild stress (irrigation once in 3 days), moderate stress (irrigation once in 4 days) and sever stress (irrigation once in 5 days) were imposed as drought treatments. The photosynthetic pigments like chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll decreased whereas carotenoid content increased under drought stress. The biochemical components like amino acid, proline, total sugar and sucrose increased in both root and shoot under drought stress whereas, protein and starch contents decreased to a large extent in both the varieties under drought stress. CO-1 showed higher biochemical accumulation than CO-2 under drought stress. In addition, both the varieties showed tendency to recover when the drought stresses were removed.


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drought, tolerance, growth, pigments, biochemical

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  Paper Title: IGR, LUFENURON, ALTERS CHITIN AND TOTAL SOLUBLE PROTEIN CONTENT OF AEDES AEGYPTI LARVAE DURING DEVELOPMENT

  Author Name(s): Salokhe SG, SG Deshpande, SN Mukherji, Pakhale K, AB Maniyar

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1313

  Register Paper ID - 211324

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1313 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

Published Paper URL: viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCSP10A1313
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  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Title: IGR, LUFENURON, ALTERS CHITIN AND TOTAL SOLUBLE PROTEIN CONTENT OF AEDES AEGYPTI LARVAE DURING DEVELOPMENT

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: April 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 134-138

 Year: April 2013

 Downloads: 24

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

The chitin synthesis inhibitor, Lufenuron (Match) is newly introduced synthetic Insect Growth Regulator used as a crop protection product (pesticide) worldwide for variety of crops. When II and IV instar larvae of Aedes aegypti were treated with sub-lethal concentrations (LC20 and LC40) of Lufenuron through the culture medium for 48 hrs to investigate chitin and total soluble protein content in the larval tissues during development, it was found that for all concentrations tested, there was a significant reduction in chitin and total soluble protein content of the treated larvae as compared to that of control. At LC20 and LC40, there was a progressive increase in the protein: chitin ratio as a function of increase in age of the larvae. Thus sub-lethal concentrations of Lufenuron alters the chitin and total soluble protein content of Aedes aegypti larvae during development thereby resulting in developmental abnormalities as observed earlier (Salokhe et al., 2010). SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that there were quantitative differences in subunits of molecular weights 44, 50, 70 and 98 kDa proteins.


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chitin synthesis inhibitor, lufenuron, Aedes aegypti

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  Paper Title: ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PLASMID DNA FROM CLINICALLY ISOLATED E.COLI STRAIN AT PRAVARA RURAL HOSPITAL, LONI, INDIA

  Author Name(s): Ganesh Vikhe, Suresh Kamble, Sanjeev Kumar Swamy

  Published Paper ID: - IJCSP10A1300

  Register Paper ID - 211311

  Publisher Journal Name: IJPUBLICATION, IJCSPUB

  DOI Member ID: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCSP10A1300 and DOI :

  Author Country : N, India, - , -, - , | Research Area: Science and Technology

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  Title: ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PLASMID DNA FROM CLINICALLY ISOLATED E.COLI STRAIN AT PRAVARA RURAL HOSPITAL, LONI, INDIA

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 3  | Issue: 2  | Year: June 2013

 Publisher Name : IJCSPUB | www.ijcspub.org | ISSN : 2250-1770

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: N

 Pubished in Volume: 3

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 61-66

 Year: June 2013

 Downloads: 23

  E-ISSN Number: 2320-2882

 Abstract

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the most common infectious diseases and people of all age-groups and geographical locations are affected. Multiple resistance to antimicrobials drugs arising in Escherichia coli isolate may complicate therapeutic management of UTI. The present study aimed to isolate and characterize plasmid DNA from Clinical isolated E. coli. Biochemical tests confirm that the hospital isolate is E.coli and antibiotic susceptibility test results shows that it is MDR strain. Molecular techniques such as plasmid DNA isolation and PCR amplification of integrons genes were used to confirm MDR. The results showed that the size of plasmid DNA is more than 52 Kb and the size of successfully amplified integron genes (I and II) were 175 and 250 bp respectively. Hospital isolate was confirmed as E.coli MDR on the basis of existence of integron genes.


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Escherichia coli, biochemical test, antibiotic susceptibility test, plasmid DNA, PCR

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